children and hivHuman Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV, is not limited to infecting adults; children are vulnerable to becoming HIV positive, as well.  Similar ways of HIV transmission in adults is also common in children. Here, are 5 facts about children living with HIV and AIDS.

Fact 1: Mother to child transmission of HIV: Babies are susceptible to contracting the virus from their mothers.  In poor communities mothers are not aware of their HIV status; babies are often born with HIV, but they do not receive immediate treatment.  Millions of children die before they reach 1 year of age.

Fact 2: Blood transfusion: Children becoming infected with HIV via blood transfusions are very common in poor communities and undeveloped countries.  Blood screening is not conducted, leaving children vulnerable to contracting HIV.  Unsterilized needles are used to vaccinate children; HIV is easily contracted from an infected needle.

Fact 3: Child rape: In some poor communities, it is believed that you can cure HIV by sleeping with a virgin.  Millions of children become HIV positive from being raped by older men.  Stigmatism and discrimination prevent children from seeking help.  The cycle continues, when a teenage girl contracts HIV from a rape and falls pregnant, leaving the baby vulnerable to becoming HIV positive.

Fact 4: HIV treatment: Diagnosis of HIV in young children and babies is limited; due to lack of testing equipment; on-site testing is unavailable in poor communities, and cost of tests to be sent to laboratories is high.  Therefore, many babies are born HIV positive, but they do not receive treatment as their status is not clear.  If children are tested HIV positive, Anti-Retroviral Treatment is given to them.  Continuous and regular treatment is required to see an improvement in children.

Fact 5: HIV cover: Cheap medical aid cover, or affordable life insurance and hospital plans are obtainable for parents and children living with HIV and AIDS. Mothers and children have access to regular check-ups and treatment.  Organisations are introducing affordable medical insurance to people living with HIV and AIDS.

Children living with HIV and AIDS can be treated, and they can live a substantially normal life.  Poor communities often suffer due to lack of funds and availability of tests and treatment for HIV positive babies and children.  Organisations have been formed to supply sterile needles, test equipment and treatment to poor communities. Information about the causes and prevention of HIV and AIDS is also distributed amongst poor communities.  Educating young children about HIV and rape will benefit them; HIV cover will provide HIV positive children with benefits and treatment for HIV.