If the carer or loved one is sick, it is best to stay away from the HIV infected person until one is well. The infected person should not share razors, toothbrushes or any other personal item that might have their blood on it.

Thus, hygienic practices need to be implemented in one’s home, to avoid the already compromised and infected person from getting ill. The same applies for the family members with whom the infected person lives.

As a spouse or partner, one may want to start a family. Modern HIV treatment means that this may be possible.

Many sera-different couples (where one is HIV positive and the other not) decide to have children. and their partners and babies are HIV negative.

Being on treatment and having an undetectable viral load dramatically reduces the chance of one’s partner transmitting the virus.

Although there are several options available when considering conception, the simplest option is just to conceive normally. If one then has an undetectable viral load, their sexual partner will not be at risk.

As with any planned pregnancy it is good to talk to one’s doctor for best ways to conceive.

In conclusion, it is vital that the infected person takes all necessary steps to avoid spreading the disease. Tantamount to that, it is important that the infected person is not alienated from their families or society at large.